學刊論文
選擇注意力的彈性:位置與本體的交互作用

中華心理學刊
民89,42卷,2期,217-231


葉怡玉(國立台灣大學心理學系) ; 黃金蘭(國立台灣大學心理學系);趙軒甫(國立台灣大學心理學系)

 

摘要

本研究以位置選擇的作業探討位置與本體的激發如何影響選擇注意力在負向促發硏究典範裡的運作。本研究首次操控偵測呈現與促發呈現裡目標與干擾位置的所有組合配對,並操控刺激本體的車複激發。實驗一以完全不重複的中文單字詞做為刺激材料,向實驗二重複呈現少數的刺激材料。結果顯示位置激發、本體激發、與提取均影響選擇注意機制的運作,無法以目前任何單一的負向促發理論解釋,展現選擇注意機制的複雜性與彈性。


關鍵詞:選擇注意力、負向促發效果、位置激發、本體激發


INTERACTIVE EFFECTS OF LOCATION AND IDENTITY INFORMATION IN NEGATIVE PRIMING

YEI - YU YEH(Deaprtment of Psychology, National Taiwan University);CHIN-LAN HUANG(Deaprtment of Psychology, National Taiwan University);HSUAN-FU CHAO(Deaprtment of Psychology, National Taiwan University)

 

Abstract

We examined in the negative priming paradigm the interactive effect of location and identity activation on selective attention based on location information. In addition to manipulating all possible combinations in laying target and distractor locations between the prime and probe displays, we manipulated the stimulus set size between two experiments, with novel stimuli used in Experiment 1 and with repetitive presentation of fourteen stimuli in Experiment 2. The results showed interactive effects between location activation, identity information, and information retrieved from past episodes. No theoretical model can account for all of the results, showing the selection mechanism as adaptive and intricate.

Keywords:Negative priming, Selective attention

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