期刊論文
Topic Initiation in Mandarin Mother-Child Conversation

doi:10.6129/CJP.2004.460203.02
中華心理學刊 民 93,46 卷,2 期,113-128
Chinese Journal of Psychology 2004, Vol. 46, No. 2, 113-128


Chiung-Chih Huang (Graduate Institute of Linguistics, National Chengchi University)

 

Abstract

This study investigated Mandarin-speak­ ing three-year-old children's ability to initiate discourse topics in natural mother-child con­versation, focusing especially on the types of topics initiated, the kinds of communica­tive intents conveyed, the references estab­lished, and the propositions expressed. The results showed that the children of the study initiated discourse topics mainly with infor­matives while the mothers initiated dis­course topics mainly with questions; these opposite distribution patterns were  especial­ly conspicuous in displacement topics. It was also found that the children often did not provide sufficient information about ref­erences and propositions when initiating topics; topic establishments often were co-constructed by both the child and the mother. It was suggested that the mothers' interactive styles may facilitate the chil­dren's acquisition of discourse topic skills.

 

Keywords: discourse topic, topic initiation, mother-child conversation


漢語母子對話中言談主題的起始

黃瓊之(國立政治大學語言學研究所)

 

摘要

本研究探討說漢語的三歲幼兒如何在自然母子對話中起始言談主題。研究議題著重於言談主題的類型、溝通意圖的種類、指稱的建立、和命題的表達。研究結果顯示幼兒主要以信息來起始言談主題,而母親則主要以問題來起始言談主題。這種溝通意圖的差異在時空移位類型的言談主題中特別明顯。同時,硏究結果也顯示,幼兒在起始言談主題時經常沒有對指稱和命題提供足夠的訊息;而言談主題的建立經常是由幼兒與母親共同建構的。本研究並指出母親所使用的互動方式應可幫助幼兒在言談主題方面能力的習得。

 

關鍵詞:會話主題、起始主題、親子對話

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