中華心理學刊 民 88，41 卷，2 期，131-165
Chinese Journal of Psychology 1999, Vol.41, No.2, 131-165
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THOUGHT STRUCTURES IN CHINESE AND ENGLISH SENTENCES
In-Mao Liu（Department of Psychology, National Chung-Cheng University and National Taiwan University）
This study characterizes Chinese and Western thought structures by classifying and tabulating the connectives used for combining clauses in Chinese and English sentences. There are three main findings. First, more connectives appear in Chinese than in English sentences. Second, compared to English, more connectives appear in Chinese for dependent clauses than for coordinate clauses. Third, in the Chinese corpus, more connectives appear in speech-style sentences than in literal-style sentences. These findings are accounted for: (a) by the fact that Chinese sentences use literal-style connectives as well as speech-style connectives and (b) by the assumption that Chinese sentences use more connectives than English sentences for relating clauses in order to compensate for the relative lack of grammatical markings to achieve a level of sentence comprehension in Chinese comparable to that of English.
Keywords：Thought structure, Coordinate-relation connective, Dependent-relation connective