中華心理學刊 民 108，61 卷，4 期，295-320
Chinese Journal of Psychology 2019, Vol.61, No.4, 295-320
黃榮村 (國立臺灣大學心理學系)；櫻井正二郎 (高雄醫學大學心理學系)；汪曼穎 ( 東吳大學心理學系)
本文係在中華心理學刊六十週年（其前身為 Acta Psychologica Taiwanica）之脈絡下，針對臺灣實驗心理學發展所提出之回顧與前瞻論文。本文在臺大心理系之框架下，先檢視臺灣實驗心理學的黎明時期，也就是 1928 年臺北帝國大學設立時，在當時德國格式塔心理學（Gestalt Psychology）潮流影響下購置多項心理學儀器，臺灣實驗心理學最早所設定的學術方向，顯然呼應了當時的世界潮流。後因日本之南進政策，心理學術發展方向快速配合改弦易轍，日治結束臺灣光復後，臺大心理學系進行具有歷史連續性之原住民研究。之後實驗心理學重新觸接國際學術主流議題，開始發展具有本土獨特性之課題（如中文漢字之認知歷程研究），逐漸整合進入國際學術脈絡。本文也選擇臺大心理學系在視知覺、漢字認知、注意力與記憶、行為決策等類研究，以析論臺灣實驗心理學界如何在國際化與彰顯本土特色議題間開展研究方向，並說明中華心理學刊在其間所扮演的重要角色。
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology in TaiwanObserving the Case of the Department of Psychology at NTU
Jong-Tsun Huang (Department of Psychology, National Taiwan University), Shojiro Sakurai (Department of Psychology, Kaohsiung Medical University) and Man-Ying Wang ( Department of Psychology, Soochow University)
This article celebrates the 60th anniversary of the publication of the Chinese Journal of Psychology (CJP, previously the Acta Psychological Taiwanica) by providing a selective overview of experimental and cognitive psychology issues in Taiwan. The discussion is limited within the context of the Department of Psychology at National Taiwan University (NTU) where CJP was first published and continued for a long time. Under this context, we first looked into the dawning age of experimental psychology in Taiwan. Upon the launch of Taihoku Imperial University, the seventh of the Japanese Imperial Universities in series, in 1928, Taipei, Taiwan, a number of psychological research apparatus were acquired to echo with the then internationally trendy German Gestalt psychology thoughts and experimentation. However, this early start of experimental psychology in Taiwan was soon replaced by the subsequent research emphasis on the specifics of Taiwanese aborigines due to a Southern Expansion Policy of Japan. The research on Taiwanese aborigines was continued by the Department of Psychology at NTU after the replacement of Japanese rule by the current government. The experimental psychology research regained access to topics of international influence and indigenous uniqueness (e.g., the study of the cognitive processing of Chinese characters). An international research trend was gradually formed in Taiwan. This article examined research by the Department of Psychology at NTU on visual perception, cognitive processing of Chinese characters, attention and memory, behavioral decision making and others. The experimental psychology in Taiwan has been evolved to accommodate both international research trends as well as those highlighting indigenously meaningful topics. The Chinese Journal of Psychology will continue to play a critical role on these emerging studies.
Keywords: experimental and cognitive psychology, indigenous research, international academic interaction, National Taiwan University, Taihoku Imperial University