中華心理學刊 民 109，62 卷，2 期，129-150
Chinese Journal of Psychology 2020, Vol.62, No.2, 129-150
Athletes’ Gratitude: Initialization, Development, and Prospects
Lung Hung Chen(Department of Recreation and Leisure Industry Management, National Taiwan Sport University), Shih-Chi Hsu(Department of Social Psychology, Shih Hsin University)
The study of “gratitude” has become an increasingly important hot topic in positive psychology field. Mention to the research achievement, various of theoretical concepts and empirical evidences have been accumulated and published. Follow - up “gratitude” research has been applied and extended from the general situation to the specific situation, such as some sports psychologists join the gratitude research. In the initial stages, the “gratitude in sport field” research had been questioned and ignored due to gratitude could not improve the athlete’ energy and performance soon and directly. Fortunately, gratitude has been acknowledged and valued gradually due to it brings athletes’ an additional function “psychologically healthier” beside prime goals “Faster – Higher – Stronger” all athletes pursue. This article aims to re-examine study results from specific sports gratitude on the analogy of general situation gratitude, and emphasize the characteristics and contributions of gratitude in the context of sports. This article is divided into three parts: the first part introduces the theoretical concept, measurement tool of gratitude, and then clarify contemporary theory underpinning the relationship between gratitude and athletes’ well-being. Some intervention that aim to enhance the effects of gratitude on well-being are also reviewed. The second part is about a systematic review of the psychological process and theoretical boundaries of gratitude in sport psychology in particular during two stages of initial germination and development. The third part, finally, we propose a breakthrough about gratitude in sport psychology different from gratitude in general situation. Though Faster – Higher – Stronger is presented as the golden ideal in sport, some scholars (including us) have attempted to introduce concepts from positive psychology such as gratitude because we believe that optimal performance depends on psychological health as well as physical health. In the performance-oriented competitive environment, investigating the benefit of gratitude on athletes’ well-being is not a well-went road, but it is nonetheless a worthy endeavor.
Keywords: gratitude intervention, gratitude measurement, psychological health, sports psychology, well-being