期刊論文
台灣學者在國際期刊運動社會心理學發表之分析:準系統性回顧

DOI:10.6129/CJP.202006_62(2).0006
中華心理學刊 民 109,62 卷,2 期,217-244
Chinese Journal of Psychology 2020, Vol.62, No.2, 217-244


劉襄(中國文化大學運動教練研究所);盧俊宏(中國文化大學運動教練研究所);楊明蓁(國立體育大學體育研究所);涂馨友(國立宜蘭大學運動教育中心);詹淑月(中國文化大學體育學系)

 

摘要

研究目的:探討台灣學者過去 10 年在運動社會心理學領域之研究現況,以及對未來研究方向與方法的啟示。 研究方法:遵循 Cooper(2016)的研究統合(research synthesis)之精神,以修正式的「準」系統性回顧的方式,整理、 歸納,並加以內容分析過去 10 年台灣學者於國際期刊與 TSSCI 期刊發表之運動社會心理學研究。結果:彙整如下五大重點。(一)台灣學者的研究場域大多為競技運動(sports)。(二)研究對象多半集中在大學生與青少年。(三) 大部分的研究採以量化研究途徑,發表於國際期刊的論文擁有較高的比例採用縱貫式研究設計。(四)研究主題總共有 34(17.71%)篇涉及「運動中的人際關係」;51(26.56%)篇涉及「領導與團隊動力學」74(38.54%)篇涉及「動機」;107(55.73%)篇涉及「運動中的社會認知過程」;67(34.90%)篇涉及「運動環境對運動員的影響」。

(五)發表國際期刊的論文當中,有24(28.57%)篇為Q1;17(20.24%)篇為 Q2;30(35.71%)篇為 Q3;13(15.48%) 篇為 Q4。討論與建議:在研究題材上,我們建議未來可多加就社會助長相關議題,如觀眾效應、主場優勢等進行探討;或是進行跨文化、跨種族的研究。在方法學上,我們建議採多重樣本、多重測量、多重時間點的縱貫式設計,以便蒐集研究有關的資訊,或者採用實驗介入、質量混合設計的方式,以增加研究的證據強度。至於研究對象的選擇可以擴及其他年齡層,特別是高齡者。

關鍵詞:心理學、社會認知、社會影響、健身運動、競技運動

 


Taiwanese Studies of the Social Psychology of Sports and Exercise in International Journals: A Quasi-Systematic Review Introduction

Sean H. Liu(Graduate Institute of Sport Coaching Science, Chinese Culture University), Frank J. H. Lu(Graduate Institute of Sport Coaching Science, Chinese Culture University), Ming-Chen Yang(Graduate Institute of Physical Education, National Taiwan Sport University), Hsin-Yu Tu(Sports Education Center, National Ilan University) and Shu-Yueh Chan(Department of Physical Education, Chinese Culture University)

 

Abstract

Purpose: To provide a general overview of Taiwanese scholars’ publication history in sport and exercise psychology in international journals in the past 10 years. The aim was to encourage more young scholars to develop careers in this area. Method: Following the methodological suggestions by Cooper (2016) in research synthesis with some small modifications, we adopted a “quasi-systematic review” approach to collect, sort and analyze Taiwanese scholars’ publications in the field of the social psychology of sport and exercise in the past decade. We only considered papers published in international journals and TSSCI journals. Results: The results of this review can be summarized in five points: (a) most Taiwanese scholars conducted their research in sport contexts; (b) most of the studies used undergraduates and adolescents as participants; (c) most scholars adopted quantitative methods to conduct their research, and the studies published in international journals had a higher proportion of longitudinal designs than those published in TSSCI journals; (d) 34 (17.71%) studies examined the issue of “interpersonal relationship in sport”; 51 (26.56%) studies investigated “leadership and group dynamics”; 74 (38.54%) investigated “motivation”; 107 (55.73%) investigated “social cognition in sport”; and 67 (34.90%) investigated the “influence of the environment”; and (e) among the studies published in international journals, 24 (28.57%) were ranked as Q1, 17 (20.24%) as Q2, 30 (35.71%) as Q3; and 13 (15.48%) as Q4. Discussion and suggestion: Future research may examine how social facilitation influences athletes and exercisers’ behavior. Issues such as audience effect or home-court advantage are worth investigating. We also suggest that future studies may adopt cross-cultural or cross-ethnic designs. In addition, we suggest that future studies adopt multi-samples, multi-measures, and multi-timing data collection. Other research designs such as longitudinal interventions and qualitative-quantitative mixed design are recommended. Finally, we suggest that future studies use more diverse populations as research participants, especially older adults.

Keywords: social cognition, social influence, sports and exercise psychology

 

登入
會員登入
更新驗證碼