期刊論文
生活壓力,歸因組型、社會支援與大學生之憂鬱症

中華心理學刊

民75,25卷,一期,31-47


黃慧貞;黃光國;柯永河

(國立臺灣大學)

 

摘要

本研究之主要目的乃在於探討(1)歸因組型與憂鬱症的關係; (2)高、低憂鬱組在「緣份」歸因上的差異(3)以多向度指標來測量生活壓力而探求客觀生活壓力大小與憂鬱症的關係; (4)主觀生活壓力大小與憂鬱症的關係,並比較高、低憂鬱組在生活事件後果之知覺上的差異(5)與大學生憂鬱症有關的事件; (6)社會支援與憂鬱症的關係,並以社會支援爲自我強度的指標,驗證柯氏的心理衛生公式; (7)以多元逐步迴歸分析法,進一步探討歸因組型、生活壓力及社會支援等變項與憂鬱症的關係。以273 名大學男生及237 名大學女生爲對對象,而以生活壓力量表、社會支援量表及憂鬱量表爲工具,進行研究後,得到下列結果:

(1)當個人將負面事件愈往內在的、穩定的及概括性的因素歸因時,則其憂鬱程度也愈高。並且,憂鬱程度愈高者,也愈傾向於將事件發生之因視爲已力所不能控制者。(2)低憂鬱者較高憂鬱者容易把負面親和事件歸因於緣份的影響;在正面親和事件上,則高、低憂鬱者均傾向於往緣份歸因。(3)以五種不同指標所測出之客觀壓力大小與憂鬱程度成正相關;並且在生活事件後果之知覺上高憂鬱者較低憂鬱者傾向於把生活事件看成是不受歡迎的、影響的長久的丶不可控制的及預期自己不能去應付的。(4)以五種不同指標所測出之主觀壓力大小與憂鬱症成正相關。(5)與大學生憂鬱症有關的事件大多與經濟丶人際關係(包括家庭及朋友)丶感情及前途(成績及科系)方面的挫折有關。(6)社會支援與憂鬱症呈高度負相關;以社會支援爲自我強度之指標時,則生活壓力與自我強度之比值與憂鬱症成顯著正相關。


LIFE STRESS, ATTRIBUTION STYLE, SOCIAL SUPPORT AND DEPRESSION AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

HUEI-CHEN HUANG;KWANG-Kuo HWANG ;YUNG-Ho Ko

(National Taiwan University)

 

Abstract

The purposes of this study are ( 1) to investigate the relationship between attribution style and depression, (2) to examine the attribution of "yuan" (natural affinity) in 11ormal and depreesive groups, (3) to measure life stress by multi-dimensional indices and assess the relationship between objective life stress and depression, ( 4) to investigate the relationship between subjective life stress and depression and compare the perception of life evento in normal and depressive groups, (5) to find the life events correlated with depression, (6) to examine the relationship between social support and depression and test the Ko's formula of
mental health.

A reviced Life Events Scale, Social Support Scale and Depression Scale were administrated to 273 male and 237 female university students. The important findings of current research includes: (1) Those subjects who tend to attribute negative life events to internal, stable and global factors were more depressive. Depressive subjects tend to attribute the events to uncontrollable factors. (2) Normal subjects tend to attribute negative events to "yuan" than depressive subjects. Objective life stress scores measured by 5 indices are positively correlated with depression scores and depressive subjects tend to label the life events as more undesirable, stable, uncontrollable and thus express lower self-efficiacy. ( 4) Subjective life stress scores measured by 5 indices are positively correlated with depression scores. (5) Those life events correlated to depression include frustration in economy, interpressional relationship and academic achievement. (6) Social support scores are negatively correlated with depressive scores. When the social support scores were used as the index of ego strength, life stress divised by ego strength scores are possitively correlated with depressive scores.

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