民69, 22 卷，一期， 23-28
READING EFFICIENCIES FOR CHINESE LOGOGRAPHY AND PHONOGRAPHIC SIMULATION
IN-MAO LIU & CHIA-LIN CHEN
(National Taiwan University)
Experiment I investigated the effect of attaching the phonetic alphabet to Chinese words on reading efficiency. When the degrees of comprehension were approximately equal, the phonetic alphabet alone (phonographic simulation) was found to be inferior to both conditions of Chinese words alone and Chinese words accompanied by the phonetic alphabet, while the latter two conditions were equally efficient. In Experiment 2, the condition of the phonetic alphabet on the left of Chinese words was found to be inferior in reading efficiency to the condition of the phonetic alphabet on the right of Chinese words as well as to the condition of Chinese words alone, thus ruling out an explantion based on paying no attention to the phonetic alphabet in the condition of Chinese words accompanied by the phonetic alphabet in Experimentl 1. The present results are compatible with the notion of cerebral lateralization and have important implications for how to print Chinese words accompanied by the phonetic alphabet in order to increase reading efficiency.