期刊論文
社會新鮮人的工作搜尋自我效能、工作搜尋期間以及個人與組織適配:焦點式資訊搜尋方法的中介效果

DOI:10.6129/CJP.202009_62(4).0004

中華心理學刊 民 109,62 卷,4 期,519-536

Chinese Journal of Psychology 2020, Vol.62, No.4, 519-536


沈其泰(國立彰化師範大學人力資源管理研究所)

 

摘要

本研究嘗試整合並延伸工作搜尋和個人與環境適配此兩個領域的研究。採用自我效能理論為基礎,並將研究對象鎖定在剛自學校畢業進行工作搜尋的社會新鮮人,探討其工作搜尋自我效能與工作搜尋期間之間的關係,同時探討工作搜尋過程中所採用的焦點式資訊搜尋方法,是否會對於工作搜尋自我效能和進入組織之後所知覺到的個人與組織適配之間的關係,產生中介的效果。本研究針對台灣企業組織採取兩階段的資料蒐集方法,總共蒐集了 331 份個人資料。研究結果顯示:(1) 社會新鮮人的工作搜尋自我效能和工作搜尋期間之間的關係具有顯著的負相關;(2) 工作搜尋自我效能和個人與組織適配之間的關係具有顯著的正相關;(3) 社會新鮮人所採用的焦點式資訊搜尋方法 對於工作搜尋自我效能和知覺到的個人與組織適配之間的關係,具有部分中介的效果。最後,針對本研究的主要研 究發現與研究限制進行討論,並對未來研究的方向與管理實務上的意涵,提供些許的建議。

關鍵詞:工作搜尋自我效能、個人與組織適配、焦點式資訊搜尋方法、工作搜尋期間、社會新鮮人


A longitudinal Study of the Relationship among Job Search Self-Efficacy and Job Search Duration, Perceived PO Fit: The Mediation Effect of Focus Information Search Method

Chi-Tai Shen (Human Resource Management, National Changhua University of Education)

 

Abstract

In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between job search self-efficacy and job search duration, perceived person-organization fit. In addition, we also investigated the mediating effect of focus information search methods on the relationship between job search self-efficacy and perceived person-organization fit. For this reason, we focused on fresh graduates from a two-stage data collection procedure. This study found that high job search self-efficacy was associated with short job search duration and high perceived person-organization fit. In addition, the focus information search method had a partial mediating effect on the relationship between job search self-efficacy and perceived person-organization fit. Lastly, the main research findings and limitations are discussed, and suggestions are presented regarding the direction of future studies and the empirical implications of the results.

Keywords: Job search self-efficacy, person-organization fit, focus information search method, job search duration, fresh graduates

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