期刊論文
馬基維利主義、職場嫉妒與工作行為

DOI:10.6129/CJP.202103_63(1).0005

中華心理學刊 民110,63 卷,1 期,99-120

Chinese Journal of Psychology 2021, Vol.63, No.1, 99-120


郭建志(國立政治大學心理學系暨心理學研究);張守中(沙迦大學管理學系)

 

摘要

本研究立基認知- 情感系統的人格理論觀點,主張在組織情境中,馬基維利主義者的工作行為表徵,受到個人內在嫉妒心理所引導。即言之,具有馬基維利主義者的工作者,傾向展現出與其認知及情感內涵相呼應的工作行為特徵。本研究從台灣多個產業蒐集160 位全職工作者的資料,結果發現職場中的嫉妒是引發馬基維利主義者獨特工作行為的重要心理歷程。高馬基維利主義者展現出較高的職場嫉妒,特別是惡意嫉妒,進而表徵出較高程度的職場偏差行為與較低程度的組織公民行為。這樣的現象顯示職場中的嫉妒心理中介馬基維利主義與工作行為表徵間的關係,可為馬基維利主義在職場中的作用機制提供一個全新的詮釋架構。

關鍵詞:馬基維利主義、職場嫉妒、組織偏差行為、組織公民行為


Machiavellianism, Workplace Envy, and Their Impact at Work

Chien-Chih Kuo (Department of Psychology, National Chengchi University) & Kirk Chang (Department of Management, University of Sharjah)

 

Abstract

Based on the cognitive-affective system theory of personality, this study attentively analyzed the distinctive personality construct of Machiavellianism and further integrated workplace envy into existing research on Machiavellianism-driven work behavior relationship. By adopting the two qualitative forms of envy, malicious envy and benign envy, as the mediating psychological mechanism resulting in contrasting behavioral patterns, workplace deviant behavior and organizational citizenship behavior, the study aims to illustrate a holistic picture of Machiavellianism’s behavior presentations in workplace. Data was collected from 160 employees working in full-time positions among various industries in Taiwan. The results supported the premise where workplace envy is the critical psychological process transmitting Machiavellianism’s distinct work behaviors. Machiavellian employees demonstrate a higher degree of workplace deviant behavior and lower degree of organizational citizenship behavior via malicious and benign envy. Specifically, malicious envy mediates the relationship between Machiavellianism and workplace deviant behavior, while benign envy mediates the relationship between Machiavellianism and organizational citizenship behavior. The findings have contributed to new knowledge of workplace envy’s mediating role in Machiavellianism-driven work behavior relationships.

Keywords: Machiavellianism, workplace envy, organizational citizenship behavior, workplace deviant behavior
 

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