中華心理學刊 民 111，64 卷，2 期，137-150
Chinese Journal of Psychology 2022, Vol.64, No.2, 137-150
Yu-Lien Huang(Department of Psychology, Fo Guang University)；Sue-Huei Chen(Department of Psychology, National Taiwan University)
Individuals with attachment anxiety or avoidance respectively display vigilance or avoidance response once detecting a threat. Inconsistent findings in existing studies may result from variation in the durations of emotion presentation. The present study was thus designed to investigate whether the influence of attachment on attentional bias toward emotional faces may vary over time. All participants (N = 290) were assessed their attachment tendencies and examined attentional biases toward emotional faces at durations of 200 ms and 2,000 ms. A trial-level bias score (TL-BS) was computed to capture dynamics of biased attention. Results show that attachment avoidance tended to be associated with higher attentional avoidance from happy faces at the duration of 2,000 ms, while no correlation between attachment anxiety and attention bias toward emotional faces was found. This finding may shed light on potential usage of the defensive processing of happy emotion at a later stage of emotional information processing in individuals with inclination of attachment avoidance.
Keywords: attachment, attentional bias, defensive response, time-course pattern