期刊論文
The Effects of Anxiety and Drug Addiction on the Learning of Easy and Difficult Oddity Problems under Stress

中華心理學刊 民 63,16卷,33-42

Chinese Journal of Psychology 1974, Vol.16, 33-42


MEI-CHIH LI (National Chengchi University)

 

Abstract

The present study consisted of two experiments. One was concerned with the effect of anxiety and induced stress on the reaction time of Ss in dealing with easy or difficult oddity discrimination problems, This experiment was done to test the H x D hypothesis. The H strength was defined by the level of difficulty of the oddity problems, and the D level was defined in terms of MAS score. Three factorial design was used: level of difficulty on oddity problem x high and low anxiety level x stress and nonstress conditions. The significant main effects of anxiety, and diffi­culty, and the interaction effect or anxiety x difficulty sup­ported the H x D hypothesis, The another experiment was designed and conducted in the same manner except that the drug addicted prisoners and nondrug addicted persons were served as Ss. The results of low anxiety, drug-addicted and nondrug-addicted group were similar in that an in­ crease in D significantly facilitated performance when dea­ling with easy oddity problems. But, when dealing with dif­ficult oddity problem, increase of D resulted in the impair­ment or performance. No matter with what kind of situa­tions, the performance of the high anxiety college students and the drug-addicted was inferior to low anxiety college students and the nondrug-addicted.


煙毒犯、焦慮者與常人在緊張與非緊張情境中學習難易奇數問題的比較

李美枝(國立政治大學)

 

摘要

本研究包括兩部份實摘要驗,第一個實驗乃硏究焦慮程度與誘發的緊張對受詞者學習難易奇數辨別問題的影響,是爲三因素實驗設計。所實驗的結果可同時用於驗證Hull的「習慣強度x動機強度」(HxD)理淪。習慣強度於所實驗中乃以操作奇數問題的雛易度界定之。動機強度則選取在MAS分數得分最高與最低之20%的大學生界定之。實驗結果中具有顯著性者有:(1)焦慮度與難易度的主要效果 。(2)焦慮度與難度的交互作用效果,因而進一步支持了HxD理論。第二個實驗的設計與過程完全與第一個相同,唯受試者乃選取坐監的有案煙毒犯及不吸莓的常人。 整個實驗結果顯示,低焦慮大學生、煙毒犯與不吸毒常人的學習型態相似, 即學習簡單的奇數問題時,加強動機有助長學習成績的作用,但是, 遇困難的奇數問題時,動激的加強反而好得學習的成續。又不管是在何種學習情況,高焦慮的大學生與吸毒的人,其學習成續都劣於低焦慮的大學生及不吸毒的常人。

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